The Lazarus Paradigm (The Irons Alliance Book 2)

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Similar traditions exist in Hindi, Marathi, Tamil and English. Modern science fiction in China mainly depends on the magazine Science Fiction World.. A number of works were published in installments in it originally, including the most successful fiction Three Body written by Liu Cixin. Until recently, there has been little domestic science fiction literature in Korea.

Within the small field, the author and critic writing under the nom de plume Djuna has been credited with being the major force. The upswing that began in has been attributed by Shin Junebong to a combination of factors. In spite of the increase, at the time, there were still no more than sixty or so authors writing in the field at that time.

The Prophecies Of Karma, published in , is advertised as the first work of science fiction by an Arabic author, the Lebanese writer Nael Gharzeddine. Jules Verne, of course the best known French novelist known for his pioneering science fiction works Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea, Journey to the Center of the Earth, From the Earth to the Moon is the prime representative of the French legacy of science fiction. French science fiction of the 19th century was also represented with such artists as Albert Robida and Isidore Grandville.

Among the notable French science fiction comics, there is Valerian et Laureline by Pierre Christin and Jean-Claude Mezieres, a space opera franchise lasting since Metal Hurlant magazine known in US as Heavy Metal was one of the largest contributors to Francophone science-fiction comics.

Giraud also contributed to French SF animation, collaborating with Rene Laloux on several animated features.

A number of artists from neighboring countries, such as Spain and Italy, create science fiction and fantasy comics in French aimed at a Franco-Belgian market. In French cinema, science fiction was started with silent film director and visual effects pioneer George Melies, whose most famous film was Voyage to the Moon, loosely based on books by Verne and Wells. In the French-speaking world, the colloquial use of the term sci-fi is an accepted Anglicism for the word science fiction.

This probably stems from the fact that science fiction writing never expanded there to the extent it did in the English-speaking world, particularly with the dominance of the United States. Nevertheless, France has made a tremendous contribution to science fiction in its seminal stages of development. This uniquely French tradition certainly encompasses what the Anglophone world would call French Science Fiction but also ranges across fairies, Dada-ism and Surrealisme. The main German science fiction writer in the 19th century was Kurd Lasswitz. In the 20th century, during the years of divided Germany, both East and West spawned a number of successful writers.

A well known science fiction book series in the German language is Perry Rhodan which started in Having sold over one billion copies in pulp format , it claims to be the most successful science fiction book series ever written, worldwide. Metropolis by director Fritz Lang is credited as one of the most influential science fiction films ever made. In the second half of the 20th century, East Germany also became a major science fiction film producer, often in a collaboration with fellow Eastern Bloc countries. Russians made their first steps to science fiction in midth century, with utopias by Faddei Bulgarin and Vladamir Odoevsky.

Soviet writers were prolific, despite limitations set up by state censorship. Early Soviet science fiction was influenced by communist ideology and often featured a leftist agenda agenda or anti-capitalist satire. In the second half of the 20th century, a new generation of writers developed a more complex approach.

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Social Science Fiction, concerned with philosophy, ethics, utopian and dystopian ideas, became the prevalent subgenre. He was soon followed by brothers Arkady and Boris Strugatsky, who explored darker themes and social satire in their Noon Universe novels, such as Hard to be a God and Prisoners of Power , as well as in their science fantasy trilogy Monday Begins on Saturday A good share of Soviet science fiction was aimed at children.

Soviet film industry also contributed to the genre, starting from the film Aelita. Some of early Soviet films, namely Planet of the Storms and Battle Beyond the Sun , were pirated, re-edited and released in the West under new titles. After the fall of the Soviet Union, science fiction in the former Soviet republics is still written mostly in the Russian language, which allows an appeal to a broader audience. Aside from Russians themselves, especially notable are Ukrainian writers, who greatly contributed to science fiction and fantasy in Russian language.

Among the most notable post-Soviet authors are H. Science fiction media in Russia is represented with such magazines as Mir Fantastiki and Esli.

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Poland is a traditional producer of science fiction and fantasy. Italian science fiction is relatively obscure outside the country. Valerio Evangelisti is the best known modern author of Italian science fiction and fantasy. Australia : American David G. This is further explainable by the fact that the Australian inner market is small with Australian population being around 21 million , and thus sales abroad are crucial to most Australian writers.

The Prix Boreal was established in to honor Canadian science fiction works in French. The Prix Aurora Awards briefly preceded by the Casper Award were founded in to recognize and promote the best works of Canadian science fiction in both French and English. Although there is still some controversy as to when science fiction began in Latin America, the earliest works date from the late 19th century. Nic-Nac by the Argentinian Eduardo Holmberg, and Historia de un Muerto by the Cuban Francisco Calcagno are three of the earliest novels which appeared in the continent. It received a boost of respectability after authors such as Horacio Quiroga and Jorge Luis Borges used its elements in their writings.

This, in turn, led to the permanent emergence of science fiction in the s and mids, notably in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, and Cuba. Magical Realism enjoyed parallel growth in Latin America, with a strong regional emphasis on using the form to comment on social issues, similar to social science fiction and speculative fiction in the English world.

In the mids, it became increasingly popular once more. Although led by Argentina, Brazil and Mexico, Latin America now hosts dedicated communities and writers with an increasing use of regional elements to set them apart from English-language science-fiction. My own contemporary and futurist epic novel Spiritus Mundi includes a large component of Science Fiction themes and topoi. The Chief Prosecutor of the future world government, Senator Abor Linkin uses the same time travel technology to pursue him and bring him back to justice before he can reverse the benign course of history.

The physics of their transit of the Cosmic Wormhole and the configuration of the Black Hole at the center of the Milky Way Galaxy are consistent with contemporary science and its formulation of the nature of Space-Time. In short, Spiritus Mundi exhibits credible dimensions of Hard Science Fiction, Soft Science Fiction and Social Science Fiction, portraying the possible future evolution of human society and its institutions into the 23 rd Century as linked to progressive historical movements in our own time, most notably in the Campaign for a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly for democratic global governance in our Age of Globalization.

The genre of Science Fiction literature and related cinema is alive and well in our collective imaginations in an age of hyper-accelerated technological change and a search for new perspectives and identities amidst mingled hopes and anomie. It will continue to powerfully inform our imaginations about the human condition in extended Time-Space and in the universal condition of our further evolution as human beings.


It is a largely forgotten fact that the founding of the Modern Olympics by Pierre de Coubertin included gold, silver and bronze medal competition in the arts as well as in sports. One of his other desires was to combine both art and sport, and he thus originally included artistic competition in the Olympic Games. The meeting ended with a proposal to the IOC to organize artistic competitions at the Olympic Games in five areas: architecture, literature, music, painting, and sculpture.

From then on World Literature and the Arts became a regular part of the Olympics until , when the program was discontinued on the grounds that most of the Olympic artists were in fact professionals rather than amateurs, as the Olympic rules of the time mandated. Beginning in professional athletes were allowed to compete in the Olympic games, until today, with the exception of professional boxing and wrestling, professionals are found in all Olympic sports. The Winter Olympics are perhaps less dramatic and universally captivating than the Summer Olympics, exciting though they are.

This is all the more reason to reinforce the Olympic Spectacle with the Renaissance of the Cultural Games as de Coubertin originally intended, making the Winter Olympic experience more universally attractive to all nations, North and South.

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Global television and Internet rights for the film, art and music competitions would undoubtedly bring in a staggering amount of both viewership and moneys, as well as furthering the more important goal of promoting the in-depth nurturing and development of the arts in every country, attracting young artists and writers to develop their talents.

Furthermore, the re-inclusion of World Literature and the Arts in the Olympic Games would encourage the Arts to become more global and international. Most arts awards today are narrowly nationally based and fixate on national tastes. The Oscars purport to be the ultimate world film award, but in reality are only American, with a small category for international films.

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Emmys, Grammys, Bookers, Pulitzers, etc are similarly too parochial and nation-state based. Olympic awards will legitimatize and globalize the arts beyond the limitations of the present systems. In our globalized world and culture artists and writers should be encouraged to create for the seven billion citizens of the planet not just for the home audience.

This will strengthen the industries themselves, as for instance most films now earn more money abroad than in their home markets, and Olympic recognition will encourage an international outlook in the performing arts as well as in World Literature, with the art of translation being greatly encouraged. From to rules of the art competition evolved and varied, but the core of the rules remained the same. Like in the athletic events at the Olympics, gold, silver, and bronze medals were awarded to the highest ranked artists, although not all medals were awarded in each competition.

On a few occasions, in fact, no medals were presented at all, as sometimes occurs with the Nobel or Pulitzer Prizes. A revival of the Arts half of the Olympics could be modernized, including allowance of both sports-related and non-sports related art, national team and individual entry, professionals and amateurs, and entry of works recently published or released in the past year, or past four years. He won his second with the above drawing, titled Rugby at the Olympic Games.

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